Modern man is exposed to physical inactivity, is under the influence of a polluted atmosphere, and the use of dozens of harmful food additives does not increase health. As a result, your immune system weakens and you become more prone to infections that await you every round. More than 20% of the world’s population is infected with dermatomycosis or fungal infection. The legs are particularly affected. Medicine successfully copes with the treatment of such a disease, but due to certain circumstances, many prefer to treat it alone. Consider how and how to treat foot fungus at home.
Types of fungal infections on the legs
The appearance of the fungus on the feet is an infection of the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin) of the interdigital zone of the feet and nail plates, with the possible spread of microscopic fungi along the body. Defeat can be caused by:
But this disease is commonly referred to as dermatomycosis.
The visible signs of a fungus depend on which strain is causing it. Types of mycosis:
- Onychomycosis - with this disease the nail plates are affected and progress in different ways. In the first case, the nails change color, break and thicken. With atrophy, the nail plate is completely destroyed, the skin underneath hardens.
- In the case of scaly mycosis, the skin turns red and itches, peeling occurs, and the condition becomes painful itching.
- The dyshydrotic form of the fungus is characterized by the formation of aqueous bubbles up to 5 mm in diameter, which gradually fuse to form ulcers.
- Intense mycosis is the most common type of fungus that occurs in the form of skin cracks between the toes, often closer to the little finger. It is characterized by severe itching.
What are the causes of mycosis of the legs?
- Many healthy people strive to stay fit. They visit fitness clubs, beaches, pools and saunas, where mycotic organisms multiply rapidly in warm environments. Fungal infections usually occur in these public places.
- When the family uses standard household shoes, towels, bath and shower mats, and hygiene products. One carrier of the fungus can infect an entire family.
- Weakened immunity contributes to the spread of leg mycoses in the elderly. According to statistics, men are more likely to be infected with fungi.
- Indiscriminate use of drugs (glucocorticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antibacterial agents, cytostatic drugs) also poses a risk of developing mycotic foot infections.
- Due to occupational factors, fungal infections of the legs are possible. The infection is more likely to affect miners, people working in the metallurgical industry, the military, and staff serving spas, saunas, and sports facilities.
- Human lifestyle and chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, vascular and somatic diseases, endocrine disorders (especially excessive sweating), osteoarthritis, obesity.
- Cuts and microcracks in the skin, corns and calluses on the legs, hallux valgus.
- Unfavorable ecological situation.
The fungus on the legs usually develops over several periods:
- The incubation phase depends on the condition of the human immune system. The stronger, the later the signs of leg mycosis appear.
- The period after the incubation period is characterized by reddening of the skin, itching and the appearance of microcracks. Swelling of the legs is sometimes observed. At this stage, the development of the infection is simple, even with folk remedies.
- In the third stage, the disease becomes a more dangerous form: the skin peels off, large lesions develop, and the skin gradually peels off. The cracks deepen, causing tangible pain. The nail plates are deformed. From this point on, the treatment will be complex and protracted.
- The chronic form of mycosis often recurs and can last for many years. If the fungus starts to such an extent, consult a doctor immediately to avoid the irreparable consequences of the disease.
How to cure foot fungus at home
Only after performing qualified diagnostics (scraping, strain research, microscopy) can a specialist prescribe effective means to control the fungus on the legs. In addition to antifungal medications, folk remedies can also be used.
There are many ways to get rid of fungus on your feet at home. Their advantage is the affordable price and the minimum contraindication. But even harmless folk remedies should be used in conjunction with essential medicines in consultation with your doctor.
The most effective antifungal agents
There are many dosage forms for the fungus in the form of tablets, suppositories, creams, ointments and suspensions, sprays and creams with fungicidal properties which prevent the growth of bacteria. These funds are able to quickly remove the fungus from the affected skin if it is in the early stages of the disease.
The following tools are commonly used in the complex treatment of mycosis of the foot:
- tablets for fungi on the feet;
- antifungal ointment applied twice a day to sore spots.
In addition to drug therapy, there is an innovative method of treating the fungus - a hardware method that quickly eliminates the symptoms of mycosis in sore spots, but does not guarantee that there will be no relapses.
In addition to the main therapy, folk remedies are used to treat the foot fungus. There are several ways to treat such a problem at home: these are all kinds of baths, compresses and masks against fungi based on natural materials.
The most effective of these for the treatment of mycoses are:
- Potassium permanganate solution. Before going to bed, it is recommended to steam your feet in a warm bath, then wrap them in gauze soaked in such a solution and leave overnight.
- Sea salt baths at a rate of 1, 5 tablespoons. l. liters of water.
- Copper sulphate. Here's how to cope with the fungus on your feet: toast 1 tbsp. this material in a pan until whitish, then mix with the same amount of yellow sulfur and goose fat. Thoroughly mix the ingredients and apply the resulting ointment in a warm, thin layer to the feet. Wash off after 40 minutes.
- Using vinegar to remove the fungus is the fastest way to get rid of the problem. The most effective of its types (apple, wine) is the simple 9% vinegar, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 8, as a slightly warm bath 4-5 times a day for 2-3 days.
- This will help you cope with the fungus on your feet and soda water. It is applied to the affected areas of the feet, held for 20 minutes and then washed off. You can also mix baking soda and salt and apply on your feet in a similar way.
- Foot compaction with a peroxide solution helps to heal the fungus. To do this, you must first steam your feet in a bath with warm water. Then prepare a solution of 1 liter of water in 1 tsp. soda and 2 tbsp. l. peroxide, soak the gauze and wrap your feet in it. Soak for an hour, then rinse.
- Onion recipes help cope with the problem. Grate 2 large onions on a coarse grater, squeeze the juice out of the resulting bag, spread on the feet. Wait until it is absorbed, put on your socks, let it work overnight, and rinse your feet in the morning. It has a similar effect on garlic mushrooms and juice.
- Use celandine mushrooms effectively. Mix its juice (5 drops) with half a teaspoon of marigold alcohol tincture and 5 drops of oregano and a teaspoon of water. The resulting mixture is used to treat the affected areas of the feet without rinsing.
Care and hygiene rules
You can get rid of home antifungal medications and foot baths along with the prescribed medications pretty quickly. In addition, special care should be taken with the feet to maintain the condition of the skin during this period and to promote healing.
Use disposable gloves on your hands before treating the affected areas of your feet and nails with a fungal infection.
Shoes should be treated with special agents (vinegar and mustard powder are also suitable). If possible, it should be replaced with products made of natural materials. After each wear, shoes should be placed on the balcony for ventilation. If it gets wet, be sure to dry it completely, replace the insole more often.
During the period of fungal disease, do not visit the pool, saunas, beaches, use someone else's shoes, slippers, towels so as not to infect other members of the family with the fungus. After recovery, it is advisable to get rid of old socks and change the insoles of the shoes, as well as treat them with vinegar. This also applies to the rubber mats in the bathroom. This is to destroy fungal spores that can fall back or infect other people’s feet.
Prevention of relapse and re-infection
Particular attention should be paid to foot hygiene in order to avoid re-infection of the foot with a fungal infection and permanent disposal. To do this, you need to remember a few simple rules:
- wear only your own shoes and clothing;
- choose shoes made of natural materials;
- do not allow the feet to be steamed in shoes;
- wash your feet regularly, preferably in the morning, before going to bed and after coming out of the street;
- watch the shoes: dry them from the inside, treat them regularly with special deodorants;
- maintenance of immunity.
The feet need regular care and attention. Any discomfort in the legs and external changes in their area can be a reason to visit a professional.